KENBIKYO Vol.49▶No.3 2014

Crystal Structures of Long-Period Stacking Ordered Phase in the Mg-TM-RE System

Kyosuke Kishida and Haruyuki Inui

Abstract: Crystal structures of long-period stacking-ordered (LPSO) phases in the Mg-TM (transition-metal) -RE(rare-earth) systems were investigated by atomic resolution high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The 18R-type LPSO phase in the Mg-Al-Gd system is composed by stacking structural blocks with a fully-ordered atomic arrangement. However, the stacking of structural blocks does not exhibit any long-range order along the stacking direction. Because of these characteristics, the LPSO phase in the Mg-Al-Gd system cannot be described as an ‘LPSO’ phase any longer in a strict sense but as an order-disorder (OD) intermetallic phase with a so-called OD structure. Details of the crystal structure analysis of the Mg-Al-Gd LPSO phases are described on the basis of the OD theory.

Key words: Mg alloy, Scanning transmission electron microscopy, crystal structure, order-disorder structure